Neurological Disease or disorder is any disorder in the nervous system. The disorder can be caused in the brain, spinal cord, or any nerve and can show a range of symptoms such as back pain, paralysis, muscle weakness, confusion, loss of sensation, pain and different levels of the consciousness, and many more.
Neurological Disease is a very common disease and is affecting billions of people around the globe. And as the number at which the population is growing, the figure will continue to grow. And the frequency of this disease grows with the age of the person, which means that if not treated on time or in the early stage of the disease showing its symptoms, it may get bad as the time passes.
There are more than 600 neurological diseases which vary in the type of symptoms experienced, and the acute, chronic, degenerative nature of the condition.
It is a progressive and degenerative disease that destroys the memory and other cognitive functions of the brain.
Brain injury is the dysfunction that is caused because of some external force applied on the head or some violent attack on the head, mainly because of a car accident or a sports injury.
It is found inside the skull or the bony spinal column, which makes up the central nervous system.
It is referred to as the group disorder that affects the muscle movement, muscle tone, and their coordination. In many of its cases vision, hearing, and sensation of the body are affected. In most of the cases, it is caused by brain damage that is developed while the baby is still in utero, or during or soon after the birth.
Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder and affects people of all the ages. It is a disorder in which nerve cell activity is disturbed causing Seizure, also know as “Seizure Disorder”.
Guillain Barre Syndrome is a condition in which a person’s body nerves are affected by his/her own immune system resulting in the spreading paralysis.
It is defined as Headache of varying intense pain which can last long for hours to days resulting in nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
A Motor Neurone Disease is a progressive, degenerative disease that affects the nerve cells controlling the muscles, resulting in weakening of the muscles and impacts physical functions of other body parts.
A condition in which the body’s immune system attacks the myelin (a protective sheath that covers the nerves), causing the communication problem between the brain and other body parts.
A group of genetic diseases that causes progressive weakness in muscle strength and loss of muscle mass.
Parkinson’s Disease is a Progressive and degenerative condition of the central nervous system that affects the movements, speech and other body functions.
It is a birth defect in which the spinal cord (i.e, the backbone and the membranes around the spinal cord) of the developing baby fails to develop properly.
A stroke is mainly caused when enough blood is not able to supply to the brain and the brain cells start to die, resulting in temporary or permanent disability.
Tourette Syndrome is a nervous system disorder which involves repetitive, irresistible body movements or unwanted sounds. It often involves behavioral difficulties.
These are some common neurological diseases, that are most commonly seen and encountered by most of the people. But each and every disorder need very protection and care since a small mistake can lead to paralysis of any part of the body or severe pain in the back, or stroke or even cause a situation which could never be cured as well. So, Dr. Ashish advice that if you are suffering from such disorder then you should book an appointment and consult as soon as possible.
Dr. Ashish Sharma is an excellent Neurology and Orthopedic physiotherapist in Sector 26 Noida , practicing since 7 years with past experience in Fortis Hospitals, Noida. Specialized in Spinal cord injury & Stroke physiotherapy, he has great expertise in the formulation and execution of varied therapy programs. He completed his BPTBPTh from Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore and MPTMPTh from MMU Ambala.